Sherton English pt Inglês em 52 semanas

Gramática

A estrutura 'There be' significa haver ou ter (de existir). Se usa para falar da existência de algo, em conseqüência, colocamos o sujeito real após o verbo.


There is - tem ou há (singular)
There are - tem ou há(plural)
There was - teve, tinha, houve, havia (singular)
There were - teve, tinha, houve, havia (plural)

There has been - tem tido/há havido (singular)
There have been - tem tido/há havido(plural)
There had been - tinha tido/havia havido

There will be - terá/haverá
There will have been - terá tido/haverá havido
There would be - teria/haveria
There would have been - teria tido/haveria

There can be - pode ter/haver
There could be - poderia/pôde ter (haver)
There may be - pode ter (haver)
There might be - poderia ter (haver)

There should be - deveria ter (haver)
There must be - deve ter (haver)

There could have been - poderia/pôde ter tido (haver havido)
There might have been - poderia ter tido (haver havido)
There should have been - deveria ter tido (haver havido)
There must have been - deve ter tido (haver havido)

There has to be - tem que ter/há de haver (singular)
There have to be - tem que ter/há de haver (plural)
There had to be - teve/tinha que ter/houve/havia de haver (plural)

There has to have been - tem que ter tido/há de haver havido (singular)
There have to have been - tem que ter tido/há de haver havido (plural)
There had to have been - teve/tinha que ter tido/houve/havia de haver havido

There is going to be - vai ter/haver (singular)
There are going to be - vai ter/haver (plural)
There was going to be - ia ter/haver (singular)
There were going to be - ia ter/haver (plural)

There is (singular) - tem/há
There are (plural) - tem/há
There was (singular) - teve, tinha/houve, havia
There were (plural) - teve, tinha/houve, havia
  • There is a lighthouse on the beach.
    Tem um farol na praia.
  • There is a store round the corner.
    Tem uma loja na volta da esquina.
  • There are two houses near the station.
    Tem duas casas perto da rodoviária.
  • There are three schools in this town.
    Tem três escolas nesta cidade.
  • There was a party last night.
    Houve uma festa ontem à noite.
  • There was a kitten in the basket.
    Tinha um gatinho na canastra.
  • There were many people at the concert.
    Tinha muitas pessoas no show.
  • There were many accidents last night.
    Houve muitos acidentes ontem à noite.

There has been (singular) - tem tido/há havido
There have been (plural) - tem tido/há havido
There had been - tinha tido/havia havido
  • There has been a hurricane.
    Tem tido um furacão.
  • There has been a burglary.
    Tem tido um roubo na casa.
  • There have been two calls.
    Há havido duas ligações telefônicas.
  • There have been some problems lately.
    Ultimamente, há havido alguns problemas.
  • There had been many robberies in this neighborhood.
    Havia havido muitos roubos neste bairro.
  • There had been lack of communication between Sam and Linda.
    Tinha havido falta de comunicação entre Sam e Linda.

There will be - terá/haverá
There will have been - terá tido/haverá havido
There would be - teria/haveria
There would have been - teria tido/haveria havido
  • There will be a party tonight.
    Haverá uma festa hoje à noite.
  • There will be five guests to dinner tomorrow.
    Amanhã haverá cinco convidados para jantar.
  • There will have been much money in the safe.
    Terá havido muito dinheiro na caixa-forte.
  • There will have been a letter from Anne in the mail.
    Terá havido uma carta de Anne no correio.
  • There would be a live orchestra at the wedding.
    Teria uma orquestra ao vivo no casamento.
  • There would be some news from the summit meeting.
    Teria muitas notícias da reunião de cúpula.
  • There would have been many musicians playing Carmen.
    Teria havido muitos músicos interpretando Carmem.
  • There would have been many people at the zoo.
    Teria havido muitas pessoas no zoológico.

There can be - pode ter/haver
There could be - poderia/pôde ter (haver)
There may be - pode ter/haver
There might be - poderia ter/haver
  • There can be a fire.
    Pode ter um incêndio.
  • There can be an earthquake in San Francisco.
    Pode ter um terremoto em São Francisco.
  • There could be many injured people.
    Pôde ter muitos feridos.
  • There could be no answer from Helen.
    Poderia não haver uma resposta da Helen.
  • There may be a storm.
    Pode ter uma tormenta.
  • There may be a flood in this area.
    Pode ter um alagamento nesta área.
  • There might be blackouts tonight.
    Poderia ter blecautes hoje à noite.
  • There might be a food shortage next week.
    Poderia ter escassez de alimentos na próxima semana.

There should be - deveria ter/haver
There must be - deve ter/haver
  • There should be a warning.
    Deveria haver uma advertência.
  • There should be someone watching that child.
    Deveria haver alguma pessoa vigiando essa criança.
  • There must be a way out.
    Deve haver uma saída.
  • There must be a mistake.
    Deve haver um erro.

There could have been - poderia/pôde ter tido (haver havido)
There might have been - poderia ter tido (haver havido)
There should have been - deve ter tido (haver havido)
There must have been - deve ter tido (haver havido)
  • There could have been a mistake.
    Poderia ter havido um erro.
  • There could have been a failure in the airplane.
    Pôde ter havido um defeito no avião.
  • There might have been an explosion.
    Poderia ter havido uma explosão.
  • There might have been a car crash.
    Poderia ter havido uma batida de carro.
  • There should have been warnings.
    Deveria ter havido advertências.
  • There should have been a report from the chairman.
    Deveria ter havido um informe do presidente.
  • There must have been an error.
    Deve ter havido um erro.
  • There must have been a theft.
    Deve ter havido um furto.

There has to be - Tem que ter/de haver (singular)
There have to be - Tem que ter/de haver (plural)
There had to be - teve/tinha que ter (de haver)
  • There has to be a solution.
    Tem de haver uma solução.
  • There has to be some news from Jack.
    Tem que ter notícias de Jack.
  • There have to be several solutions.
    Tem de haver varias soluções.
  • There have to be many good ideas.
    Tem que ter muitas boas idéias.
  • There had to be a cause.
    Teve que ter um motivo.
  • There had to be a reason.
    Tinha que ter uma razão.

There has to have been - tem que ter tido/há de haver havido (singular)
There have to have been - tem que ter tido/há de haver havido (plural)
There had to have been - teve/tinha que ter tido/houve/havia de haver havido
  • There has to have been a reason.
    Tem de ter havido uma razão.
  • There has to have been a doubt.
    Tem de ter havido uma dúvida.
  • There have to have been many reasons.
    Tem de ter havido muitas razões.
  • There have to have been many questions.
    Tem de ter havido muitas perguntas.
  • There had to have been a purpose.
    Tem de ter havido um propósito.
  • There had to have been an ulterior motive.
    Tinha de ter havido um motivo oculto.

There is going to be - vai ter/haver (singular)
There are going to be - vai ter/haver (plural)
There was going to be - ia ter/haver (singular)
There were going to be - ia ter/haver (plural)
  • There is going to be a celebration.
    Vai ter uma celebração.
  • There is going to be a tango show next weekend.
    Vai haver um show de tango no próximo final de semana.
  • There are going to be many guest speakers at the conference.
    Vai ter muitos oradores convidados na conferência.
  • There are going to be many workers at the construction site.
    Vai ter muitos operários na construção.
  • There was going to be a party yesterday.
    Ontem ia ter uma festa.
  • There was going to be an exhibition last week.
    Na semana passada ia haver uma exposição.
  • There were going to be a host and a hostess at the cocktail.
    Ia ter um anfitrião e uma anfitriã no coquetel.
  • There were going to be many booths at the trade show.
    Ia ter muitas bancas na feira.