Sherton English pt Inglês em 52 semanas

Gramática

Alterações nos tempos verbais no Reported Speech. O verbo principal retrocede um tempo verbal. Por Exemplo:
Em Direct Speech (Discurso Direto): 'I live in Italy. She said'
Em Reported Speech (Discurso Indireto): 'She said that she lived in Italy'.


Direct Speech Reported Speech
Present Past
"I work in Argentina"   He said that he worked in Argentina
"I am doing my job"   He said that he was doing his job
Past Past Perfect
"We saw a good film on TV"   He said they had seen a good film on TV.
"I was dancing with Mary"   He said he had been dancing with Mary
Present Perfect Past Perfect
"I have done this before"   She said that she had done that before
"I have been doing this for two years"   He said that he had been doing that for two years
Future Conditional
"I will visit my mother"   He said that he would visit his mother
"I will be flying to Spain"   He said that he would be flying to Spain
Future Perfect Conditional Perfect
"I will have arrived there by 5 pm"   He said he would have arrived here by 5 pm
"I will have been selling books for two years"   He said that he would have been selling books for two years
Present → Past
  • John: "I work in Argentina"
    John: "Eu trabalho na Argentina"
  • He said that he worked in Argentina
    Ele disse que trabalhava na Argentina

  • Kelly: "I don't like fish"
    Kelly: "Eu não gosto de peixe"
  • She said she didn't like fish
    Ela disse que não gostava de peixe

  • Joe: "I am doing my job"
    Joe: "Eu estou fazendo meu trabalho"
  • He said that he was doing his job
    Ele disse que estava fazendo o trabalho dele

  • Pam and Tim: "We are living in New York"
    Pam e Tim: "Nós estamos morando em Nova York"
  • They said that they were living in New York
    Eles disseram que estavam morando em Nova York

Past Past Perfect
  • Dan: "We saw a good film on TV"
    Dan: "Nós vimos um bom filme na TV"
  • He said that they had seen a good film on TV
    Ele disse que eles viram um bom filme na TV

  • Lou and Sarah: "We didn't read 'Hamlet'"
    Lou e Sarah: "Nós não lemos 'Hamlet'"
  • They said that they hadn't read 'Hamlet'
    Eles disseram que não tinham lido 'Hamlet'

  • Chuck: "I was dancing with Mary"
    Chuck: "Eu estava dançando com Mary"
  • He said that he had been dancing with Mary
    Ele disse que esteve dançando com Mary

  • Rick and Amy: "We weren't looking for Tom"
    Ricke e Amy: "Nós não estávamos procurando por Tom"
  • They said that they hadn't been looking for Tom
    Eles disseram que não estiveram procurando por Tom

Present Perfect Past Perfect
  • Kim: "I have done this before"
    Kim: "Ele tinha feito isso antes"
  • She said that she had done that before
    Ela disse que tinha feito aquilo antes

  • Nick: "I haven't heard from Dean"
    Nick: "Eu não tinha ficado sabendo nada de Dean"
  • He said that he hadn't heard from Dean
    Ele disse que não tinha ficado sabendo nada de Dean

  • Chris: "I have been doing this for two years"
    Chris: "Eu estive fazendo isso por dois anos"
  • He said that he had been doing that for two years
    Ele disse que esteve fazendo aquilo por dois anos

  • Kate: "I have been living here for 5 months"
    Kate: "Eu estive vivendo aqui por 5 meses"
  • She said that she had been living there for 5 months
    Ela disse que esteve vivendo lá por 5 meses

Future Conditional
  • Tom: "I will visit my mother"
    Tom: "Eu visitarei minha mãe"
  • He said that he would visit his mother
    Ele disse que visitaria a mãe dele

  • Mark: "I won't listen to you"
    Mark: "Eu não escutarei você"
  • He said that he wouldn't listen to me
    Ele disse que não me escutaria

  • Phil: "I will be flying to Spain"
    Phil: "Eu voarei para a Espanha"
  • He said that he would be flying to Spain
    Ele disse que voaria para a Espanha

  • Walt: "I will be staying at a good hotel"
    Walt: "Eu vou me hospedar em um bom hotel"
  • He said that he would be staying at a good hotel
    Ele disse que se hospedaria em um bom hotel

Future Perfect Conditional Perfect
  • Jim: "I will have arrived there by 5 pm"
    Jim: "Eu vou ter chegado por volta das 5 da tarde"
  • He said that he would have arrived there by 5 pm
    Ele disse que chegaria lá por volta das cinco da tarde

  • Bob: "I will have sent all the products by tomorrow"
    Bob: "Eu vou ter enviado todos os produtos até amanhã"
  • He said that the would have sent all the products by tomorrow
    Ele disse que iria enviar todos os produtos até amanhã

  • Sam: "I will have been selling books for two years"
    Sam: "Eu vou vender livros por dois anos"
  • He said that he would have been selling books for two years
    Ele disse que iria vender livros por dois anos

  • Cindy: "He will have been sleeping for 13 hours"
    Cindy: "Ele vai dormir por 13 horas"
  • She said that he would have been sleeping for 13 hours
    Ele disse que dormiria por 13 horas