Sherton English pt Inglês em 52 semanas

Gramática

Os advérbios tanto de tempo como de espaço também se modificam ao passar para o reported speech: today/yesterday, this week/that week, here/there. Aqui você encontrará alguns exemplos de uso.


Direct Speech Reported Speech
now then, at that moment
today that day
tonight that night
last night the previous night, the night before
tomorrow the next day, the following day
yesterday the previous day, the day before
this week that week
next week the following week, the week after
last year the previous year, the year before
here there
now → then, at that moment
today → that day
  • Hank: "I don't want to leave now"
    Hank: "Eu não quero ir agora"
  • He said he didn't want to leave then
    Ele disse que não queria sair naquele momento

  • Secretary: Mr. Phillips is leaving the office now"
    Secretária: "O senhor Phillips está saindo do escritório agora"
  • The secretary said Mr. Phillips was leaving the office at that moment
    A secretária disse que o senhor Phillips estava saindo do escritório naquele momento

  • Carrie: "Sam is coming to visit us today"
    Carrie: "Sam vem nos visitar hoje"
  • She said that Sam was going to visit them that day
    Ela disse que Sam ia vir nos visitar esse dia.

  • Leo: "I started my diet today"
    Leo: "Hoje eu comecei a dieta"
  • He said that he had started his diet that day
    Ele disse que tinha começado a dieta nesse dia.

tonight → that night
last night → the previous night, the night before
  • Alex: "Pat and Joe are coming to dinner tonight"
    Alex: Pat e Joe vêm para o jantar esta noite"
  • He said that Pat and Joe were going to dinner that night
    Ele disse que Pat e Joe vinham jantar essa noite.

  • Julia: "I won't be coming home tonight"
    Julia: "Eu não voltarei para casa esta noite"
  • She said she wouldn't be coming home that night
    Ela disse que não ia voltar para casa essa noite.

  • Sean: "I couldn't sleep last night"
    Sean: "Eu não consegui dormir a noite passada"
  • He said that he couldn't sleep the previous night
    Ele disse que não tinha conseguido dormir na noite anterior

  • Jack: "I didn't go to the party last night"
    Jack: "Eu não fui a festa noite passada"
  • He said that he hadn't gone to the party the night before
    Ele disse que não tinha ido a festa na noite anterior

tomorrow → the next day, the following day
yesterday → the previous day, the day before
  • Mary and Helen: "We're going to New York tomorrow"
    Mary e Helen: "Nós vamos para Nova York amanhã"
  • They said thay were going to New York the following day
    Elas disseram que iam para Nova York no dia seguinte

  • Patty: "I won't be here tomorrow"
    Patty: "Eu não vou estar aqui amanhã"
  • She said she wouldn't be there the next day
    Ela disse que não estaria lá no dia seguinte

  • Lilly's mother: "Lilly didn't go to school yesterday"
    Mãe de Lilly: "Lilly não foi a escola ontem"
  • Lilly's mother said that Lilly hadn't gone to school the previous day
    A mãe de Lilly disse que ela não tinha ido a escola no dia anterior

  • Steve: "I went to see a very good film yesterday"
    Steve: "Ontem eu fui ver um filme muito bom"
  • He said he had gone to see a very good film the day before
    Ele disse que tinha ido ver um filme muito bom no dia anterior

this week → that week
next week → the following week, the week after
  • Mrs. Johnson: "The children have a lot of tests this week"
    Sra. Johnson: "As crianças têm muitas provas esta semana"
  • Mrs. Johnson said the children had a lot of tests that week
    A senhora Johnson disse que as crianças tinham muitas provas essa semana

  • Meg and Tom: "We're not going to work this week"
    Meg e Tom: "Nós não vamos trabalhar esta semana"
  • They said that they weren't going to work that week
    Eles disseram que não iam trabalhar essa semana

  • Ned: "I'm going on holiday next week"
    Ned: "Vou tirar férias na semana que vem"
  • He said that he was going on holiday the following week
    Ele disse que na semana seguinte ia tirar férias

  • Sue: "Mark won't be coming to the meeting next week"
    Sue: "Mark não virá a reunião na próxima semana"
  • She said Mark wouldn't be coming to the meeting the week after
    Ela disse que Mark não viria a reunião na semana seguinte.

last year → the previous year, the year before
here → there
  • Alice: "Paul and Mary got married last year"
    Alice: "Paul e Mary se casaram no ano passado"
  • She said that Paul and Mary had got married the previous year
    Ela disse que Paul e Mary tinha se casado no ano anterior

  • Kate: "I didn't go on holiday last year"
    Kate: "No ano passado eu não tirei férias"
  • She said that she hadn't gone on holiday the year before
    Ela disse que não tinha tirado férias no ano passado

  • Sue: "Larry left the letter here"
    Sue: "Larry deixou a carta aqui"
  • Sue said that Larry had left the letter there
    Sue disse que Larry tinha deixado a carta lá

  • Amy: "I promise I'll be here at 5 o'clock"
    Amy: "Eu prometo que estarei aqui às 5 horas"
  • She promised that she would be there at 5 o'clock
    Ela prometeu que estaria lá às 5 horas